Mobile Networks and Citizen Journalists Empower Communities

In Indonesia, rural farmers and environmental advocates are using mobiles to report, connect, and raise awareness of their issues. Two videos show how networks of citizens can mobilize through communication and collaborate with local media outlets to change the practices of palm oil corporations, which dominate industry in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.

“When I face conflict while negotiating with the company, I send an SMS to encourage the people to support me. ‘Let’s go to the company altogether, let’s push them,’” says Hendrik, the leader of a palm oil farmers’ cooperative, who uses Frontline SMS to communicate with the cooperative after participating in a citizen journalism training. “Every time there is a problem, I just inform the farmers and have their backup. I feel so courageous with their support,” he said.

Watch the video on YouTube.

Ruai TV, a television station, has engaged rural farmers to send reports to them, which the station can verify and add as a news crawl to their broadcasts, or expand into full video news reports.

“The impact of the citizen journalism is extraordinary,” said Alim, a Ruai TV producer, who explained that the citizen reporters allow the TV station to cover the issues, even though they have limited staff, and that in turn the station helps the rural farmers have a stronger voice.

Watch the video on YouTube.

The reporting has had results. Following one story produced by Ruai TV, the local palm oil company agreed to repair a road that had long been a source of contention with the community.

Internews worked closely with Knight International Journalism Fellow Harry Surjadi, RuaiTV and the International Centre for Journalists (ICFJ) to deliver technical workshops, provide infrastructure support and conduct research on the FrontlineSMS-based citizen journalist SMS news wire.

Internews also worked with Surjadi and local technical partner AirPutih to introduce interactive voice response technologies to West Kalimantan’s rural farmers and environmental advocates. Internews facilitated a technical collaboration between AirPutih and SwaraIVR – an open source IVR system that was developed in India by another Knight International Journalism Fellow, Shubhranshu Choudhary.

The IVR workshop held in the provincial capital Pontianak and attended by local citizen journalists, farmers and NGO representatives demonstrated how the mobile phone’s keypad could be used to leave messages and access voice-based information, providing another channel for increasing local voices and improving information flows in remote Indonesia.

The Internews Center for Innovation & Learning experiments with, captures and shares innovative approaches to communication from around the world.

Related Stories

  • Crowd-ed + Coordinated: FOSS in Africa

    AURELIA MOSER
    Wednesday, April 2, 2014

    (This blog post was written by Aurelia Moser, an Open News Fellow at Internews in Kenya.)

    “There’s no more powerful force in modern society than the news. It shapes how we see the world, what we judge to be good or bad, important or silly, right or wrong.”
    ~ Alain de Botton, “Have you Heard the News?” Psychologies, 4/2014

  • SaferJourno Toolkit Provides Digital and Online Safety Resources for Journalism and Media Trainers

    Cover: SaferJourno
    Monday, March 24, 2014

    In 2005, Internews conducted its first digital safety training seminar, for journalists in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Since then, we’ve trained and collaborated with hundreds of journalists and bloggers around the world on digital security issues. Together we’ve been learning the lessons of the rapidly-changing technology in the work and craft of journalism. The challenges of staying safe and secure online, while keeping sources and data safe are now the new reality for media workers everywhere.